The term “electronic keyboard” describes any instrument that produces sound by the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, in some way, to facilitate the development of that sound. Using a digital keyboard to generate music follows an unavoidable evolutionary line from the first musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is the oldest of these, initially designed by the Romans within the 3rd century B.C., and known as the hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered by means of a manual water pump or a natural water source like a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome till the 14th century, the organ remained the sole keyboard instrument. Many times, it failed to feature a keyboard whatsoever, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that have been operated by using the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance of the clavichord and harpsichord in the 1300’s was accelerated through the standardization of the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys present in all keyboard instruments nowadays. The popularity in the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed by the development and widespread adoption from the piano in the 18th century. The learn this here now was actually a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards since a pianist could vary the volume (or dynamics) from the sound the instrument created by varying the force in which each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology within the 18th century was the next essential part of the development of the present day electronic keyboard. The first electrified musical instrument was regarded as the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. It was shortly then the “clavecin electrique” designed by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The first kind instrument was comprised of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to boost their sonic qualities. The later was a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, that have been activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or perhaps the clavecin used electricity as being a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented this type of instrument known as the “musical telegraph.,” that was, essentially, the 1st analog electronic synthesizer. Gray discovered that he could control sound coming from a self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and thus invented a simple single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from your electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them over a telephone line. Grey continued to add a basic loudspeaker into his later models which consisted of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was the following major contributor to the growth of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the very first thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the initial vacuum tube instrument, the electric piano for sale in 1915. The vacuum tube became an essential element of electronic instruments for the next 50 years until the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade of the 1920’s brought an abundance of new electronic instruments on the scene including the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, and the Trautonium.
Another major breakthrough in the history of electronic keyboards came in 1935 with the creation of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the first electronic instrument able to producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so up until the invention from the Chamberlin Music Maker, and the Mellotron inside the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin and also the Mellotron were the very first ever sample-playback keyboards designed for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance within the 1940’s with all the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This was a 3 along with a half octave instrument created from 1946 until 1948 that came built with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
The increase of music synthesizers in the 1960’s gave an effective push towards the evolution of the electronic musical keyboards we have now today. The first synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed the production of synthesizers that were self-contained, portable instruments able to being utilized in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not truly a digital keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer with a built-in keyboard, which instrument further standardized the appearance of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, including the Minimoog and the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, competent at producing just one single tone at the same time. A couple of, like the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, as well as the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones at once when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (producing multiple simultaneous tones which allow for that playing of chords) qhscvn only obtainable, in the beginning, using electronic organ designs. There have been several electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, as well as the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the appearance of polyphonic synthesizers such as the Oberheim Four-Voice, and also the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The first truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first to utilize a microprocessor as a controller, and in addition allowed all knob settings to get saved in computer memory and recalled simply by pushing a button. The Prophet-5’s design soon took over as the new standard inside the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) since the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to get connected into computers as well as other devices for input and programming), and also the ongoing digital technological revolution have produced tremendous advancements in every aspects of electric piano keyboard, construction, function, quality of sound, and cost. Today’s manufactures, including Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are actually producing an abundance of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and can continue to do this well to the near future.